Авторские блоги и комментарии к ним отображают исключительно точку зрения их авторов. Редакция ЛІГА.net может не разделять мнение авторов блогов.
31.03.2013 08:39

Практика интеграции Концепции устойчивого развития в образование

Профессор Украинского государственного химико-технологического университета

Мы давно уже привыкли к "мавпуванню" и свято соблюдаем Библейское откровение "Нет пророка в Отечестве своем" . Это привело и игнорированию замечаний специалистов - практиков к многочисленным проектам реформ высшей школы (им уже просто "несть числ

Мы давно уже привыкли к  "мавпуванню" и  свято соблюдаем Библейское  откровение "Нет пророка в Отечестве своем" . Это привело    и  игнорированию  всех  замечаний к  многочисленным проектам реформ высшей  школы (им уже просто "несть числа"), содержащихся в моих  публикациях по  этой проблеме в этом блоге.

Не поленюсь еще раз привести их перечень с гиперссылками, хотя, понимаю, что  вряд ли кто-то  их хотя бы просмотрит:


1.      Образование на рынке. Часть 1   

2.      Образование на рынке. Часть 2

3.      Как реанимировать науку Украины в условиях рынка? Сообщение 1

4.      Как реанимировать науку Украины в условиях рынка? Сообщение 2

5.      Как реанимировать науку Украины в условиях рынка? Сообщение 3

6.Трансферт технологий или технологический бизнес? Изобретатель или инновационный инвестор?

7.   Реформа образования: "Детей не очень люблю... НО САМ ПРОЦЕСС !!!"

8.      Синергетическая реформа высшей школы и науки Украины

9.      И вновь о синергетической реформе науки. Речь о НАНУ

10.  Синергетическая драма науки Украины                      

11.  Синергетика в действии: Спасут рыночные реформы науки и   образования.       
12.  Менять не форму, а содержание образования

13.  Откровенно об имитации реформы в законопроекте о высшем образовании

14.  Еще порция откровений об имитации реформы высшей школы      

15.  Искусство быть честным

16.  Высшая школа: реанимировать или сразу в морг?

17.  Высшая школа: реанимировать или сразу в морг? ПродолжениеПеречень моих статей в блоге по проблемам науки и образования        

18.  От профанации реформы высшей школы к технологическому развитию страны               

19.  Реформа мозгов - путь к возрождению высшей школы

20.  Не зная броду, не суйся в воду. Менять не форму, а содержание высшего

21.  Запад нам поможет? Репортаж с I международного инвестиционного форума «Seed Forum Dnipropetrovsk»     

22.  Город – труженик или город – трутень? Вопрос не только к днепропетровчанам.

23.  Где и как учить бизнесу?

24.  День с Вольфом Мессингом

25.  Мирный НАТО без оружия: наука против терроризма.
А жаль. На сайте Комитета ВР по вопросам науки и образования размещена СТЕНОГРАММА комитетских слушаний на тему:   "О законодательном обеспечения   развития высшего образования в Украине ",  ознакомление с которой  приводит к удручающему выводу, что в  ближайшие годы, а, может, и десятилетия,   в  высшей  школе никаких преобразований не произойдет.  Ввиду вышеизложенного, просто вынужден  вновь вернуться к  проблемам реформирования науки и высшей школы (это единая задача, которую невозможно разделить, как бы этого не хотелось нашим чиновникам).

Не претендуя на роль пророка, для начала использую чисто пиаровский ход, учитывая  обостренное внимание  нашей власти и чиновников от науки   к  постановке высшего образования за рубежом, сыграю роль  западного  ученого  (один раз использование этого приема мне уже очень помогло в решении  очень интересной научной проблемы), может это поможет сдвинуть с  мертвой точки  реформирование вышей школы. Еще в мае 2004 года  в  Будапеште  ("NATO/CCMS Pilot Study on Clean Products and Processes. 2004 Annual Meeting (Budapest University of Economic Sciences and Public Administration)", я выступил с докладом, который  не  остался незамеченным, достаточно   широко обсуждался  во многих  журналах и Интернет- изданиях и даже был включен в одну тематическую монографию  по  реформам образовательной  системы.  Речь шла о том, что  высшая школа должна быть, прежде всего, ориентирована  на концепцию развития общества и  приводилась  информация о том, как   мы пытаемся  реализовать это в  Украине без  разрушительных изменений учебных планов и без реформы высшей школы.  Привожу только первую часть доклада без ее перевода на русский язык, учитывая то, что  многие чиновники и  властелины уже защитили диссертации и, видимо,  успешно  сдали перед этим экзамен на знание иностранного языка. В крайнем случае, используют  простой Google  переводчик (мой английский не слишком хорош и его  будет вполне достаточно).  Итак, часть доклада ниже: 

‘Our biggest challenge in this new century is to take an idea that sounds abstract – sustainable   development –  and turn it into reality for  all the world’s people’.

Mr Kofi Annan, the Secretary General of the

United Nations
 

Education for Sustainable Development: Practice of Integration of sustainable development into engineering education system

Prof.William M. Zadorsky / Ukrainian State University of Chemical Engineering

Summary. It is proposed to use non-traditional  approach for engineering education, when the  SD Concept  integrates with  Systematic Approach  to be used not only as the theoretic base, foundation and  philosophy of engineering education but and as science for  future  experts  activity strategy and tactics.  The essence of our approach consists not only in that the future experts have seized the concept of sustainable development, but and in that this concept became base and system forming element of all basic disciplines and courses of lectures in system of continuous education.

Keywords.  SD&Systematic Approach. Integration. Tools. Methods.

Introduction.  One of the most outstanding events of ХХ century was UNO Conference, that was held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and on this one Agenda on ХХ1 century is compounded program of actions for achievement of sustainable development was passed. As it is known the concept of sustainable development includes three aspects: ecological, economical and social. Only balanced simultaneous complex decision of all three tasks of sustainable development is economic growth at simultaneous meliorating of ecological conditions and decision of social problems allows to realize  this progressive policy.

The World  Johannesburg Summit on Sustainable Development recommended also to the United Nations General Assembly that “it consider adopting a Decade for Education for Sustainable Development (DESD) starting in 2005” (Para. 117d, Plan of Implementation). In December 2002, resolution 57/254 on the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development beginning 1 January 2005 was adopted by consensus. The resolution had been introduced by Japan and co-sponsored by 46 countries. Education as the foundation of sustainable development was reaffirmed at the Johannesburg Summit, as was the commitment embodied in Chapter 36 of Agenda 21 of the Rio Summit, 1992.  Education is recognized as a tool for addressing important questions such as rural development, health care, community involvement, HIV/AIDS, the environment, and wider ethical/legal issues such as human values and human rights. The United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development aims to promote education as a basis for a more sustainable human society and to integrate sustainable development into education systems at all levels. The Decade will also strengthen international cooperation towards the development and sharing of innovative education for sustainable development programs, practices and policies. Thus, the focus of DESD activities will be advocacy, communication and networking directed at facilitating all educators to include sustainable development concerns and goals in their own programs.   The basic ESD  purposes concern:
- Integration of sustainable development into education systems at all levels;
- Assistance to development of education as bases of a sustainable society;
- Strengthening of the international cooperation for development of an innovative policy, programs and practice by education in interests of sustainable development.

There is no universal model of education for sustainable development. While there will be overall agreement on the concept, there will be nuanced differences according to local contexts, priorities and approaches. Each country has to define its own priorities and actions. The goals, emphases and processes must, therefore, be locally defined to meet the local environmental, social and economic conditions in culturally appropriate ways. Education for sustainable development is equally relevant and critical for both developed and developing countries. 

It is known, that Education for Sustainable Development has four major domains, reflecting diverse goals and audiences: promotion and improvement of basic education, reorienting existing education at all levels to address sustainable development, developing public understanding and awareness of sustainability, and training.

As key, the more important themes of ESD in support of the Decade they usually give biodiversity, fresh water management, environmental conservation and protection, rural transformation, health promotion, sustainable production and consumption, human rights, peace and international understanding, and the cross-cutting themes of poverty alleviation and gender equality.  But as we believe it is necessary for engineering education to use quite another approach. The matter is that Concept of SD integrated with Systematic Approach has to be used as the theoretic base, foundation of all engineering education, its philosophy but in the same time and as science on future expert activity strategy and tactics. Then it will be useful to use Information and Communication Technology in the service of ESD even in very non- traditional learning situations.

Unfortunately substantial situation in Ukraine, that has folded for today,  mismatched of economical development paces and ecological safety demands, dominance of recourse consuming branches, high specific weight of recourse- and power-intensive obsolescent technologies, raw attitude of export, absence of humanisticvalues among priorities of development, and also of work culture and the consumption result in an excavation of crisis condition in economics, change for the worse of environment conditions, that forms real threat to life and activity both present and future generations.

Today many questions concerning development and realization of the concept of sustainable development of Ukraine rest on unpreparation of population and  technicians. May be because of absence of clearness and priorities of these nodal questions decision Ukraine obviously lags behind the world community in the decision of global and regional economical, ecological and social problems [2 - 29].

Results and Discussion.

Approximately 10 years ago we have started to realize essentially new concept of preparation of the experts owning the concept of sustainable development. Essence of it is not to specially prepare for experts on sustainable development. In our opinion, it is essentially incorrect statement of a problem. The essence of our approach consists not only in that the future experts have seized the concept of sustainable development, but and in that this concept  became base, an system forming element of all basic disciplines and courses of lectures in system of continuous education.

Generally, as we consider, the technicians training in the field of sustainable development is necessary to begin not at High School but much earlier from small years at preschool entities, and then at school, predominantly in junior classes. It is necessary to begin from bringing up in young generation of rational, economical consumption of energy, raw, any material values, and making and consuming them to care of environment, purity of class, auditorium, yard, street, city, country, to bring up feelings of decency, compulsion, respect for the colleague on study, work, business, to cultivate the care of the own authority and image. But it is task for our future. While we  realized  for our  University students (only specialty “Chemical Engineering”) the next logical formed  scheme of continuous education (Tab.1).  

So, we have:

Second year of  education.

We deliver the Special large course of lectures “The theory of technical systems”. There are in these course: Systematic approach.  Decomposition of systems with  hierarchical levels.  Determining levels of system. Sustainable Development concept. Measure of  sustainability on the different levels of system. Indexes of sustainability. Criteria of optimization. Concepts and methodologies, tools and methods base of influence on technical systems at various hierarchical levels. A choice of a method of influence. A principle of conformity amplitude - frequency characteristics of the chosen method of influence at limiting level  to corresponding this level system characteristics (see Table 2.).

Two aspects of the systematic  approach to cleaner production are addressed:

  Vertical hierarchy. It implies that any subsystem of a system may be regarded either as a lower-level system in relation to the upper tier or as an upper-level system for the lower tier.

   Match between a tier in a hierarchy and the methodology of characterization, assessment or influence used at this tier. This aspect does not seem to have been sufficiently covered previously and deserves a closer look. The tools used to analyze, study and influence an object should match the respective tier dimensions and frequency in the order of magnitude.

Then we have  the continue of this course of lectures  on the Fourth year of  education. We deliver theSpecial course of lectures “Technical systems optimization” with the next questions:

Mathematic modeling  and experiment planning. Artificial intellect and methods of technical creative work. Methodic of industrial experiment. Quantitative  definition  of intensity, efficiency,  flexibility, environmental safety. Stating intensity of chemical technology and metallurgical equipment.  Algorithm of optimization.  Algorithm of systems sustainability improving is:

  • ·         Decomposition of system,
  • ·         Search of  Determining level,
  • ·         Optimization Criteria clarification,
  • ·         Tools and Methods of  Influence on limiting level Choice,
  • ·         Checking of system sustainability improving results.

 Ecologization of industrial  equipment.  Regime - technological and apparatus - constructive methods of high-tech ecologization. Complex approach. Methods of raising efficiency of industrial  high-tech  and their classification.  Efficiency as a thermodynamic  notion.  Relation  between   the   efficiency   of processes  and  their environmental safety.  Algorithm of raising efficiency.  Examples  of  algorithm  realization  in  optimizing particular   industrial   processes   and   apparatus.  High-tech flexibility and methods of its  quantitative  calculation.  Local and  integral  flexibility  on  the  different levels of object's hierarchy.  Concept:  assurance of the  required  flexibility  of systems.  Algorithm of flexibility assurance. Methods of ensuring flexibility of technology and equipment. Adaptation of industrial high-tech  and  methods  of its insurance.  Internal and external flexibility and their relationship. Combined   reaction-  mass-exchange processes - examples  of  most  flexible  technologies.  Block  -modules  approach and flexible equipment,  based on it.  Multiple phases'  inversion  and  its   role   in   flexible   technology. Fundamentals of flexible control over flexible systems.  Field of flexible  systems  application.  

On the Fourth year of  education (second semester) we deliver  Special  course of lectures “Chemical and Environmental  Technical Machinery  Optimization”. Then we train our students on: Ecologization of industrial  equipment.   Regime - technological  and  apparatus - constructive  methods  of high-tech ecologization. Complex approach. Methods of raising efficiency of industrial  high-tech  and their classification.  Efficiency as a thermodynamic  notion.  Relation  between   the   efficiency   of processes  and  their environmental safety.  Algorithm of raising efficiency.  Examples  of  algorithm  realization  in  optimizing particular   industrial   processes   and   apparatus.  High-tech flexibility and methods of its  quantitative  calculation.  Local and  integral  flexibility  on  the  different levels of object's hierarchy.  Concept:  assurance of the  required  flexibility  of systems.  Algorithm of flexibility assurance. Methods of ensuring flexibility of technology and equipment. Adaptation of industrial high-tech  and  methods  of its insurance.  Internal and external flexibility and their relationship. Combined   reaction-  mass-exchange processes - examples  of  most  flexible  technologies.  Block  -modules  approach and flexible equipment,  based on it.  Multiple phases'  inversion  and  its   role   in   flexible   technology. Fundamentals of flexible control over flexible systems.  Field of flexible  systems  application.

Criteria  of  environmental  technical machinery  optimization. Environmental  safety   of technological   devices   and   methods   of   its   quantitative calculation.  Link between the  optimum  level  of  environmental safety    with   economic   characteristics   of   installations. Methodology of industrial installations ecologization. .  Systematic  approach as the  basis for modern approaches  to  ecologization.  Strategic  principles  and tactic   devices   of  ecologization.  Principles  of  systematic ecologization (process with no wastes through selectivity,  local disinfecting   of   wastes,   recycling,  utilization,  resources preservation,  complexity,  multiple use of resources and energy, maximum selectivity of synthesis and separation, ecologization of consumption    sphere).    Regime-technological    methods     of ecologization  (process  maintenance  with  excessive  less toxic reagent,  minimizing  the  time  of  processing,  re-circulation, closed character of substance and energy streams,  combination of synthesis  and  separation).  Apparatus-constructive  methods  of ecologization  (adaptation,  intensification,  closed  structure, polio-functional character).  Examples of  realization.  Industry ecologization.    Local   disinfecting.   Wastelessness   through selectivity.   Recycling. Industrial symbiosis.  Utilization   of   waste.   Resources preservation.    Complexity.   Selectivity   of   synthesis   and decomposition.  Cyclic processes.  Re-circulation as a method  of ensuring wastelessness.  Improvement of Productions Purity, Pollution  Prevention, Life Cycle Assessment.

Water and Waste Treatment Processes.  Water demand. Water pollution. Classification of water pollution and methods of their removing.  Water supply  and  water  re-cycling  at  enterprises. Mechanical and physical-mechanical methods of water purification. Bio-chemical  methods  of  water  purification.   Electrochemical methods of water purification. Ozonation of water. Solis waste treatment.  Classification of  solid  wastes. Industrial and Domestic Wastes. Air Treatment  Technology.  Air.  Sources  of  pollution. Self-cleaning of the atmosphere.  Calculation of gases outbursts. Gases purification by adsorption and absorption. Physical methods of  gases  purification.  Oxidizing  and  thermal  decomposition. Apparatus  for  removing  dust  from  gases.  purification  of  gases.  Types  of  absorbers,  requirements  for absorbents,  ways  of  perfecting  contact  devices construction.  Sewage.   Industrial   and   domestic.  Sewage  treatment processes.   Constructions   and   equipment    for    mechanical purification  of sewage,  blenders and their calculation. Equipment for chemical and physical-chemical   treatment   of    sewage.    Equipment    for neutralization   of   sewage,   peculiarities  of  neutralization process,   filters-neutralizers,   absorbers.    Equipment    for coagulation.  Equipment  for  sewage  purification bio-oxidizers, peculiarities  of  process,  calculating  methods   of   ozonning reactor.  Flotation installments,  ways of flotation, installment of  pressure  flotation,  flotation  silt-compressors,   impeller flotation.  Extraction installations.  Apparatuses for adsorption and ion-exchange processing of  sewage.  Apparatus  for  membrane treatment    of    sewage.   Installations   of   electrochemical purification     of     sewage.     Electro-flotation     plants, electro-coagulators,   electrolysers,   electro-dialysers;  their construction,  co-precipitation.  Constructions and apparates for bio-chemical  purification  of  sewage.  Air-tanks.  Bio-filters. Equipment  for  biochemical  recycling  of  waste   products   in anaerobic conditions and peculiarities of process.  Constructions for biochemical recycling of sewage waters in natural conditions, oxidizing    ponds,   aired   ponds.   Equipment   for   settling stabilization and  dehydrating  of  active  silt,  equipment  for recycling of sediments, gravitational silt-compressors, dryers. Electroairsol methods and equipment. Electrochemical methods and equipment. Acoustic equipment for intensifying mass exchange  processes.  Combined reaction-separation processes. Reactor of water ozonization. Besides as sample of  approach realizing we discuss the Improving of nanocomposite materials production technique with treatment of gaseous/vaporous submicrometer particles-cleaned phases. The goal of the project is unification of technology and equipment for production of some of Innovative Products of nano-capillary porous materials with new impregnation technologies in module installations usage.

And, at last, during the Fifth year of education we deliver Special  course of lectures “Engineering - technological business”.  This course  includes  not only SD connected  topics, but  wide range of technological business,  commercializing of intellectual  projects, Concepts of technological parks, techno - policies, business-incubators. Commercialization of science. Investments market. Fundraising,  looking up of grants, tenders, investors and investments, development of the business-plans and designs. Preparing of information materials on developments and realization of management designs.

Use of information technologies in the business. Practice of Internet  access and  computer  using. Ecological Management (ISO 14000) and Marketing. Concepts of International Investments – Innovation Fair. On-line  Technological Business Incubator. Modern Ecological Business and its connection with Sustainable Development concept. Introduction to Microeconomics. An introduction to the theory of prices and the allocation of resources. Topics include the pricing of goods and services, the determination of wages and returns to capital, market structure, and international trade. Introduction to the modern public choice paradigm. The use of assumptions and methods of economics, together with political factors influencing the outcomes of democratic processes. Some specific topics include information and uncertainty, individual and group demand for public activity, majority voting, political competition, and bureaucracy.

Environmental Economics. Environmental Management in Business and Industry. Introduction to the economic theory and policy of pollution control. Covers the broad spectrum of environmental issues and environmental management strategies. Lectures will survey risk management, energy usage, pollution control, resource recovery, public acceptance and regulatory compliance.

General Management. Theories of technical creation and decision making. development of technical systems. Psychological peculiarities of creative activities. Methods of technical creative activity in solving problems of ecologization. Social responsibility and ethics. Communications. Decision making. Strategic planning. Planning of strategy realization. Organizing interaction and ascribing powers. Motivation. Group dynamics. Administration: power and personal impact. Leadership: style, situation and efficiency. Controlling conflicts, changes and stresses. Self-development of manager. Environmental Management and Marketing. World activity in the area of environment protection. International environmental cooperation and control. Management of wastes. International economic activity in the field of ecology. Domestic and international laws for environmental protection. Using mechanisms of market economics to protect environment. Marketing and ecology. Organization and techniques of commercial operations. Notion, principles and principal elements of marketing, working with environmental goods, market study, system of product offering, peculiarities of advertising in ecology. Social basis of marketing. Environmental Business. Engineering Consulting Company. Environmental Laboratory.

Global Environmental Politics. Concerns political dimensions of global environmental problems: their causes, consequences and possible solutions, including the management of local and global commons. Examination of attempts to govern such resources as the ocean and atmosphere in light of transboundary issues. Potential for environmental global cooperation between individuals and countries. Course aims to gain a better understanding of the dimensions of environmental problems and the costs, benefits, and trade-offs involved in different types of "solutions". One component of the course is intended to provide some background on current environmental issues. Another introduces you to theoretical tools that will deepen your understanding of root causes of environmental problems and provide some analytical framework for solutions. A third component involves learning about context of environmental policy making.

Technology and Public Policy. Interdisciplinary examination of the role of science and technology in modern society. Inquiry into the possibilities and methods of public review of governmental policies having significant technological implications. Introduction to the concepts and techniques of technology assessment.

Basic principles, structures, and processes of domestic and international politics as related to the principles and mechanics of environmental policy formulation and implementation. Domestic policy structure and political forces are described and related to international policy and structure as applied to environmental issues.

Health Risk Assessment. Environmental Remediation. Risk communication includes developing practical skills in assessing health concerns and explaining potential health risks or risk management to the general public. Techniques are presented for effectively preparing community action plans, interfacing with the press and other media, preparing and conducting public meetings and speaking. Skill development is enhanced by several case studies involving role-playing and public speaking.  The purpose of this course is to provide an understanding and analysis of communication processes used in defining environmental issues and shaping environmental policies. Topics include defining nature and environment; diverse audiences and environmental messages; developing strategies for risk communication; creating effective environmental campaigns. Case studies of successful and unsuccessful environmental communication will be examined.

Overview and analysis of how organizations create and maintain social reality through the rise of communication policies and practices. This course examines issues of management or how complex organizations develop strategies for anticipating and adapting to public policy changes through planning, compliance, and communication. Methodologies studied are applied to practical research assignments in organizational settings.

Besides it is necessary we are going to use possibilities of other Universities courses to realize  SD concept as the base of modern specialists training. For sample Sociology course examines social, political and economic aspects of global and local environmental problems. Topics include: why some environmental risks have gained most attention, how support for environmental concerns can be measured, and responses by environmental social movements, and visions of sustainable societies in the first and third worlds.

Philosophy course will compare the predominant Western conception of humanity's place in nature with alternative conceptions, including those held by non-Western thinkers.

Ukrainian History course. Chernobyl Catastrophe. Energy and the Environment in the Ukraine. This course explores the causes and consequences of the nuclear explosion that occurred at the Chernobyl power plant, one of the greatest human and environmental disasters in human history. The course emphasizes an interdisciplinary approach to the problems presented by the Chernobyl explosion. In doing so, it attempts to place technical discussions of the origins and impact of the explosion in the social and historical context in which they occurred. Technical discussions of the reactor and problems of containment and remediation will be pitched at the level of the educated layman. Major topics include moral extentionism, as well as critiques of attempts to extend human-centered moral doctrines to nonhuman beings.

Environmental History. Consideration of the dynamic interaction of land and people in studying the changing environment of their country physical setting, diverse cultures that have both adapted to and shaped the landscape, and the evolution of issues such as coastal erosion, wildlife management and threats to cultural continuity. Course provides an understanding of causes and a useful context for evaluation of current environmental issues.

Computer Culture. Computer ecology. Computer design.

Methodological and theoretical problems of boosting environmental education and upbringing. Modern effective methods and ways of boosting. Systematic approach and environment conscious mind. Correlation of labor and environmental upbringing. Environmental aspects of teaching humanities and social sciences. Continuity and integrity as the major principles of ecological education. Optimizing habitat. Classification of negative factors influencing man's health. Radiation effects on human body and methods of protection against radiation. Ecological culture in household. Awareness and study of anatomy-physiological peculiarities of one's body. Simulating, consolidating and developing its protective power. Acquiring skills and habits of healthy life, learning first aid, Awareness of inseparable link between  environment and human health. Ecology and outer space. "Living ethics" of Roerikh. Ecological education, training and upbringing in UNESCO plans and programs. Environment and smoking. Prevention of drug and alcohol addiction. Auto-training. Environment and infectious diseases. Prescriptions and recommendations of alternative medicine, phyto-therapy and homeopathy in prevention infectious diseases. Medicinal herbs. Preparation of vitamin herb mixtures and drinks. Environmentally clean products of plant and animal origin. Fundamentals of rational diet. Body hardening. Role of nature factors. Effects of light, air, water: sunbathing, showering, barefoot walking, sauna. Psycho-emotional state. Autogenic training.

Environmental Ecological Education. Life ecology. Environmental effects on human life and health. Way of life and the state of muscles, hypo-dynamics, physical load, massage. Cardio-vascular system, its condition and healthy life. The influence of nicotine, alcohol, harmful substances in water, air and food on human body. Pure air as a health-making factor. Environmentally clean foods and health. The influence of the ecology of habitat, water, food on health. Ecologically determined children's nervousness and its prevention. Hormone activity of developing organism. Endocrine diseases and their prevention. Ecologically pure food and hormone balance. Ecology of morals and health. Stimulation, consolidation and developing protective powers of body, acquiring skills and habits of healthy life. Biological rhythms. Rises and falls of physiological, psychic and emotional activity. Massaging biologically active zones for prevention of fatigue, lifting stress states, increasing workability. Influence of clean environment on psycho-emotional state. Ecology of visual, color and musical perceptions of man. Nature and noise. Noise prevention in everyday life and industry. Nature reserves and their role in health improving of Earth, strengthening human health.

 

Если Вы заметили орфографическую ошибку, выделите её мышью и нажмите Ctrl+Enter.
Последние записи
Контакты
E-mail: blog@liga.net